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Home page Onshore wind energy

Wind farms are very complex structures, which can have an impact on the natural environment in many aspects. Due to a dynamic development of wind energy around the world, which could be observed in the recent years, many analyses and research studies have been conducted in relation to the impact of those investments on the environment and on human health.

Environmental impacts of wind farms include the following:


  • impacts on birds,
  • impacts on bats,
  • impacts on the habitats of plants and animals,
  • impacts on surface and ground waters,
  • impacts on landscape,
  • emission of noise,
  • emission of electromagnetic fields and
  • the impact on tangible assets, historic monuments and cultural landscape.


According to Polish law, wind farm projects are usually subject to a detailed environmental impact assessment. The purpose of such procedure is to select for execution such an investment option, which impacts could be minimised to the greatest possible extent. Each project is treated as an individual case and its final shape is the result of a compromise reached after thorough analyses of all environmental and social conditions and after an adjustment of the investment so that the potential negative impacts are maximally limited.


The website contains a rich library of scientific and sector publications related to the subject of wind farms impact on the natural environment and on human health. We encourage you to study the materials published on our website as they constitute a reliable source of information on the impacts of wind energy on the environment.


Go to the section dedicated to the impacts of onshore wind farms.

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